Director (Extension)

Prof. (Dr.) Wilson Kispotta
B.Sc (Ag) ; M.Sc (Ag) Eco. ; Ph.D

Directorate of Extension
The University has full fledged Directorate of Extension approved by the Govt. of U.P. On the recommendation of the Department of Agriculture. Govt. of U.P. Hon’ble Governor of U.P. gave his consent for allocating two Commissionaires (Allahabad & Vinddhachal) comprising of seven districts (Fatehpur, Pratapgarh, Mirzapur, Sant Ravidas Nagar, Kaushambi, Sonbadhra & Allahabad) under the area jurisdiction of this University for Agricultural Extension activities. 

Activities of Directorate of Extension :-
The Agricultural Technologies developed at this University and elsewhere are demonstrated to the farmers at block, district and commissionary levels under Transfer of Technology Programme. Regular farmer's training programmes for rural men and women in various disciplines of Agriculture and allied sectors are organized in the given seven districts. Orientation programmes for line department officers are organized at the Directorate of Extension under Inter-action Programme. Kisan Mela (Farmer's Fair) and Exhibitions are organized in the Kharif and Rabi seasons. Ample scope is provided for the students to take their internship in selected villages for practical interaction with the farmers.

i) Krishi Gyan Kendra
Department of Agriculture Govt. of U.P. has sanctioned three Krishi Gyan Kendras, one each for Pratapgarh, Kaushambi & Sant Ravi Das Nagar district. The KGKs are functional carrying out extension activities in accordance with Govt. Programme schedule.

ii) Krishi Vigyan Kendra
One Krishi Vigyan Kendra (sponsored by ICAR, Govt. of India) is functional carrying out its activities in Allahabad district as per ICAR Programme schedule.

iii) Help Line Service
A toll free help line service is also operative at this Directorate. With this service, farmers from any part of the country can make free calls to this directorate for expert advise with regard to agriculture related problems

Activities of the Department: Training of farmers, making future plan for agricultural extension activities, coordination with agriculture and line departments, making a bridge between scientists’ community and farmers.

List of Faculty Members (Directorate of Extension)
  • Prof. (Dr.) Wilson Kispotta, Director Extension
  • Dr. Isaac Frank, Associate Director / Coordinator
  • Dr. Shailendra Kumar Singh, Subject Matter Specialist
  • Dr. Sarvendra Kumar, Subject Matter Specialist
  • Dr. Yogesh Chandra Srivastava, Subject Matter Specialist
  • Dr. Madan Sen Singh, Subject Matter Specialist
  • Dr. Manish Kumar Kesarwani, Subject Matter Specialist
  • Dr. T.D. Mishra, Subject Matter Specialist
  • Dr. Shishir Kumar, Subject Matter Specialist
  • Mr. Mukesh P. Masih, Subject Matter Specialist

DIRECTORATE OF EXTENSION
The University has a full-fledged Directorate of Extension approved by the Department of Agriculture, Government of Uttar Pradesh headed by Director Extension. Whereupon the Directorate of Extension was established in Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology & Sciences (Formerly Allahabad Agricultural Institute) Deemed University, Allahabad and due to the effective and result oriented extension work done by the Directorate of Extension, the Hon’ble Governor of Uttar Pradesh transferred Vindhyanchal division comprising of three districts (Mirzapur, Sonebhdra and Bhadohi) and Allahabad division comprising of four districts (Allahabad, Pratapgarh, Kaushambi and Fatehpur) for Agriculture Education, Research and Extension work. The Agricultural Technologies developed at this university and elsewhere are demonstrated to the farmers under “Transfer of Technology Programme”. Directorate organizes regular farmer’s training programmes for rural men and women in various disciplines of Agriculture and allied sectors. Orientation programmes for line department officers are organized at the Directorate of Extension under Inter-action programme. Kisan Mela (Farmer’s Fair) and Exhibitions are organized in the Kharif and Rabi seasons by the Director Extension also monitors and administer Krishi Gyan Kendra and Krishi Vigyan Kendra (sponsored by ICAR, Govt. of India).

OBJECTIVE:
  • Organize short and long term training courses in agricultural and allied vocations for the farmers and rural youths with emphasis on learning by doing for higher production on farms and generating self employment.
  • Demonstration and training on advances in agricultural research on regular basis.
  • Conducting on-farm testing for identifying technologies in terms of location specific sustainable land use system.
  • Organize training to update the extension personnel with emerging technologies
  • Organize front line demonstrations on various crops to generate production data and feedback information.

MANDATE OF DIRECTORATE OF EXTENSION
The Directorate of Extension is privileged to have the mandate of promotion of agriculture development in the seven districts of its area jurisdiction:
  • To provide training, farm advisory and information services to professional extension personnel of line departments, farmers, farm women and rural youths.
  • To asses, refine and adopt newly generated technologies at University and ICAR institutes through On-Farm Testing and Frontline demonstrations.
  • To guide, monitor and evaluate the extension programme of KVK and KGKs functioning under the Directorate.
  • To extend support to the State Line Department by providing support of its scientists and experts for their various extension activities.
  • Directorate also publishes literatures, news, radio and TV talks on various topics of farmers’ interests.

KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRA AND KRISHI GYAN KENDRAS
Presently the University has one KVK in Allahabad District and one Krishi Gyan Kendra each in Pratapgarh, Kaushambi and Sant Ravidas Nagar, Bhadohi. These centers are well equipped and have been instrumental in bringing a remarkable progress in agricultural technologies in increasing agricultural production and transforming rural life in their district of operation. The government of Uttar Pradesh is not providing contingency funds for functioning of Krishi Gyan Kendra Centers so university has suspended these centers from 5th April, 2013.  

PROGRAMMES CONDUCTED
  • In-service Training
  • Farmer Training
  • Vocational Training
  • Demonstration (Frontline, Varietal, Validation Trials)
  • Kisan Melas
  • Progressive Farmers and rural women Training

DETAILS OF ASSOCIATED AGENCIES
S.N. Name of Organization / Office Nature of Linkage
1. Directorate of Agriculture, Government of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow Training and Gosthi
2. Uttar Pradesh Council for Agricultural Research, Lucknow Training and Demonstration
3. Directorate of Horticulture, Government of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow Training and Demonstration
4. Directorate of Wheat Research, Karnal, Haryana Training and Demonstration
5. Fisheries Department Training and Gosthi
6. Wasteland Development Department Training and Gosthi
7. Soil Conservation Department Training and Gosthi
8. Animal Husbandary Department Training and Gosthi
9. All India Radio Radio talk
10. Doordarshan TV talk
11. Ministry of Small, Medium, Enterprises (MSME) Training


NUMBER OF RESEARCH PAPER PUBLISHED
“Economics of Guava Orchards and its sustainability in Allahabad District of Uttar Pradesh”, New Agriculturist, 20 (1,2) : 155-162, by Dr. Madan Sen Singh (SMS),
Dr. Yogesh Chandra Srivastava (SMS) Dr. P.P. Dubey (Reader in K.A.P.G. College, Allahabad) CONFERENCE / SEMINARS ATTENDED
  • Prof. (Dr.) Wilson Kispotta, Director Extension attended three days Kisan Congress on “Role of farmers in Present Scenario of Agriculture in Uttar Pradesh” at Integral University, Lucknow from 13th to 15th March 2015.
  • Prof. (Dr.) Wilson Kispotta, Director Extension attended meeting on “Physical and Financial Achievements during 11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012)” at UPCAR, Lucknow on 24th April, 2015 with SMS Dr. D.S. Chauhan and Dr. Yogesh Chandra Srivastava.

ACTIVITIES / ACHIEVEMENTS
DIRECTORATE OF EXTENSION (ALLAHABAD)
S. No. Activity No. of Prog. Farmers Benefited Remarks
1. Goshthies / Technical Training 16 1650 In the district of Allahabad, Fatehpur, Kaushambi, Pratapgarh, Bhadohi, SRD Nagar, Mirzapur and Sonebhadra )
2. Literature Developed
(Published in Hamar Gaon)
3   -
3. Demonstration (Kharif)
i) SRI system of Paddy
Variety : Royal Bhog
18 540 Maximum yield was recorded 52 quintals per ha. by Sri Yagya Narayan Yadav, Itiha Ibrahimpur, Handia, Allahabad as compared to average yield of the area 38 quintals.
ii) High yielding variety of Okra
Variety : SV 8999
30 900 Maximum yield was recorded 242 quintals per ha. by Sri Shiva Singh, Chenduli, Pahari, Mirzapur as compared to average yield of the area 180 quintals.
iii) High yielding variety of Tomato
Variety : Abhilash
21 630 Maximum yield was recorded 225 quintals per ha. by Sri Udho Singh, Govindpur, Newada, Kaushambi as compared to average yield of the area 175 quintals.
iv) High yielding variety of Chilli
Variety : 1947
30 900 Maximum yield was recorded 70 quintals per ha. by Sri Kamta Prasad, Mandhata, Pratapgarh, as compared to average yield of the area 48 quintals.
(v) High yielding variety of Bittergourd
Variety : BGT 110
10 300 Maximum yield was recorded 120 quintals per ha. by Sri Vijay Singh, Lohra, Robertsganj, Sonebhadra as compared to average yield of the area 86 quintals.
(vi) High yielding variety of Bottlegourd
Variety : Sharda
30 900 Maximum yield was recorded 126 quintals per ha. by Sri Vijay Singh, Lohra, Robertsganj, Sonebhadra as compared to average yield of the area 90 quintals.
4. Demonstration (Rabi)
i) Wheat
Variety:
AAIW6/ AAIW5/ AAIW4 AAIW /8
PBW – 2968
46
16
1000
400
Maximum yield was recorded 51 quintals per ha. by Sri Arunendra Kumar Chaube, Kurmaicha, Deegh, Bhadohi as compared to average yield of the area 38 quintals.
  • Mustard
Variety: Varuna
16 400 Maximum yield was recorded 23 quintals per ha. by Sri Ram Bahadur Patel, Ijura Khurd, Airaya, Fatehpur as compared to average yield of the area 15 quintals.
  • Maize
Variety SHIATS Maka - 2
5 100 Maximum yield was recorded 72 quintals per ha. by Sri Roshan Lal, Harrahi, Karchhana, Allahabad as compared to average yield of the area 58 quintals.


Previous Year Demonstration Achievement of Progressive farmers
i) SRI system of Paddy  - Maximum yield was recorded 50 quintals per ha. of Royal Bhog var. by Jang Bhadur Yadav, Itiha Ebrahimpur, Handia, Allhabad
ii) HYV of Bajara - Maximum yield was recorded 22 quintals per ha. of GHB-526 var. by Mr. Yagya    Narain Yadav and Mr. Harinath, Itiha Ebrahimpur, Handia, Allhabad
iii) HYV of Wheat - Maximum yield was recorded 55 quintals per ha. of PBW-343 var. by Mr. Jang Bhadur Yadav, Itiha Ebrahimpur, Handia, Allhabad

2. Govt. sponsored training programmes by Directorate of Extension:
S.N. Name of the Funding Agency No. of Trainings Participants
1. Nutri Farm Training 184 5520
2. 2 Days Horticulture Orchard Dev.   4 100
 

Total

184 5620

                                                                                   
3. Participation in Govt. Training / Goshthies / Meeting :   48 .
(at Allahabad, Bhadohi, Kaushambi, Pratapgarh, Fatehpur, Mirzapur, Sonbhadra & Lucknow)

4. Organised One District Level Kisan Mela and Ghosti at SHIATS

5. T.V. & Radio Programmes
a) 5 Radio Programmes
b) 1 T.V. Programmes

6. Farmers’ Helpline Service No. : 18001805309
Presently the Helpline is functional and approximately  12 - 30 farmers per day are benefited with the service.

Adoption of technology :
The major components of the development of the village taken up included:
In last two years of extensive agriculture and farm related developmental work by the Directorate, a survey conducted in the village to ascertain the adoption of different agriculture based technologies provided by the Directorate of Extension, SHIATS.
1.Intensification and diversification of agricultural activity through integrated farming system approach comprising varietals improvement, seed replacement, farm-based enterprises for self employment etc.
2. Livestock improvement, increasing per unit profitability and integration.
3. Soil health improvement by promoting organic production system, IPM, mass composting, encouraging use of homemade bio-pesticides, bio-fertilizers etc.
4. Human resource development for sustenance of the proposed activities.

Livelihood Analysis
The major livelihood systems in the area were agriculture-based and include crop-based, livestock-based and part time rural employment. Migration of youth in search of job is another phenomenon mostly observed. Average land-holding per family is below 1.00ha and majority of population is either landless or have very poor holdings.

Crop:
Traditionally the farmers were dependent on cultivation of paddy, wheat, pulses (mainly Arhar), oil seeds (mustard) and have densely planted or old mango orchards. Mentha cultivation was practiced by few farmers as cash crop in the village. Vegetables were grown only for home consumption or as subsidiary income by few farmers and not at commercial scale. The irrigation source was mini tube wells and mini canal. The productivity of the crops was very poor. Many farmers were not able to afford the high input costs of fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation.

Livestock:
Livestock was only grown as subsidiary income source, except by few farmers having herd size (bovine) of 2-5 animals. The animals reared for livelihood were cattle, buffalo and goat. Poultry units on commercial scale were absent. Some farmers started the venture with government support but found it uneconomical and closed it. The livestock breeds were nondescript and low producing. The average milk production per lactation was 300-500 liters in cattle whereas 450-700 liters in buffaloes. Inter-calving period was very high (average 28.4 months in cattle and 32.6 months in buffaloes). The growth rate in goats was poor and one year body weight (pooled) was around 13 Kg. The green fodder availability was poor and concentrate feeing, even in commercial units, is either not practiced or is inadequate.

Livelihood status:
The scenario is comparatively safer in the families having higher land holdings or employment in organized sectors. However, it was highly unsatisfactory with landless or small holder families.

Strength:
Traditionally strong agriculture base, equipped with traditional agricultural practices, marginal use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, comparatively better soil health and mini canals for irrigation.

Weaknesses:
Mostly agriculture is rain-fed. Poor land holding, poor per hectare productivity, inability to afford high input, high unemployment rate leading to higher vulnerability and lack of industrial base.

Opportunities:
There was good scope for increasing the per-unit productivity of land and livestock. Proximity to big city and national highways and diversification of agriculture (including organic production system) were opportunities in the village.

Threats:
Land fragmentation owing to increase in family size result in dire consequences. Absence of sustainable and profitable livelihood system for lower strata of the society was another threat. Blue bull (scheduled animals) was major threat to agriculture.

Interventions undertaken
1. Economic and nutritional security through establishment of normal and high density systems of guava, mango, aonla and bel in the barren lands.
2. Zero tillage and resource conservation technologies for sustainable wheat production.
3. Agronomical interventions as SRI in paddy to resist draught and increasing profitability.
4. Commercial honey production through bee keeping.
5  Commercial production of cut flowers like gladiolus.
6. Intervention of suitable high yielding varieties in vegetables.
7. Establishment on farm production organic inputs model involving traditional knowledge pertaining to organic farming for cultivation of agri-horti crops.

Participatory approach through formation of different committees
The farmers were involved in all the development activities and were motivated to work in groups to share the benefits of the resources generated in the project. Small farmers groups were formed to inculcate the group and social response for them.

Results
SRI in paddy and zero tillage in wheat
The SRI method in paddy was introduced and this served as a great relief for farmers to cope with initial deficit in rain that occurred during the growing season of paddy. The yield of paddy, in spite of drought conditions was 8.0 t/ha compared to 2.2 t/ha with traditional method. Apart from this the zero tillage in wheat was successfully taken up by the small and marginal farmers which saved them the cost of diesel for one initial irrigation and also the charges for ploughing with the tractor.

Training of farmers
Three on-farm and eleven off-farm trainings were conducted on various aspects for capacity building as well as human resource developments.

Field camps
More than 50 field camps on various aspects including IPM, IPNM, livestock diseases etc. were conducted.

Plantation of fruit crops
About 15,00 grafts of improved varieties of mango (Dashehari, Chausa and Amrapalli) guava (Lalit, Allahabad Safeda, Sweta and Sardar), Aonla (Krishna, Kanchan, Chakaya, Lakshmi-52 and Narendra-7), Bel (CISH –B1 and B2), banana (Grand Naine), citrus (Pant lemon-1) were provided with the effort of Directorate and transplanted in the farmers field for nutritional and economic security. Vegetables, though conventional methods clusters at limited scale, was found to be not economically viable as a source of income due to high seed and input cost and low production. This was addressed by replacing the traditional varieties with breeder and foundation seeds of released ruling varieties of the agricultural universities and ICAR. Moreover the farmers were being imparted knowledge on seed production of the same to use their own seeds and save the cost of input. Apart from this the fertilizer and pesticide use was minimized by introducing organic farming systems like Biodynamic, Rishi Krishi, Panchgavya and Homa farming.

Vaccination
Apart from regular health camps the vaccination of the animals for the various diseases like FMD etc were also taken up with the efforts of the Directorate of Extension.

Commercial horticulture for economic livelihood generation
Several technologies like apiculture, commercial cut flower production, vegetable production and guava cultivation were integrated with the composting technologies and livestock based farming systems for providing economic and nutritional security.

Success stories and up-scalable technologies
Apart from this the waste land of many farmers was formed into terraces and planted with guava under high density of 3 x 3 m. The unique feature of the system is apart from introduction of guava the integration of poultry has reduced the incidence of pest in the guava plants and also provided manure for its growth.
The production of vegetables was effectively increased by adopting vermi and nadep composting. Many pits of Nadep and Vermi compost are established in the villages with the efforts of Directorate of Extension, SHIATS, Allahabad.